NCBDDD Partner Alert 1/18


New Study Finds That A Growing Number of Reproductive-Aged Women are Filling Prescriptions for ADHD Medicine

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affects people of all ages, includingpatient doctor adult women. A study from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found the percentage of privately-insured U.S. women aged 15-44 who filled a prescription for a medicine to treat ADHD increased nearly 350% between 2003 and 2015. Options for managing ADHD symptoms during pregnancy should be discussed with a healthcare provider as women consider getting pregnant.

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NCBDDD is Celebrating 50 Years of Birth Defects Research and Tracking!

This year, NCBDDD is commemorating anniversaries of birth defects tracking and ballonsresearch: 50 years for the Metropolitan Atlanta Congenital Defects Program (MACDP) and 20 years for the National Birth Defects Prevention Study (NBDPS).

A few MACDP Accomplishments:

  • MACDP was able to evaluate the risk to Vietnam veterans of fathering children with birth defects following exposure to Agent Orange, and found no overall increased risk.
  • MACDP data provided a baseline to help interpret the impact of Zika virus infection on birth defects in the United States.

A few NBDPS Accomplishments:

  • Interviewers talked to over 44,000 women who were pregnant sometime between 1997 and 2011. To date, more than 350 researchers have collaborated on analysis of these data, resulting in more than 250 peer-reviewed journal articles, and many more analyses are planned for future publication.
  • NBDPS data helped to inform clinical decision-making, particularly in the areas of assisted reproductive technologies and use of certain medications during pregnancy, including treatments for depression and urinary tract infections, as well as opioid pain relievers.

NCBDDD will continue to work towards a day when every child is born healthy, reaches their potential, and thrives.

New Article: “The Guide to Community Preventive Services and Disability Inclusion”

The American Journal of Preventive Medicine (AJPM) published a new report that summarized how public health recommendations from the Guide to Community Preventive Services can be adapted to better benefit people with disabilities.

One in five adults in the United States have some type of disability. Compared to adultsGuide to Community Preventive Services without disabilities, adults with disabilities are more likely to be obese, smoke, have high blood pressure, and be physically inactive. Any of these can increase the risk for medical conditions, such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes, and some cancers, which are also more common among adults with disabilities.

As community organizations and public health officials implement the recommendations found in the Community Guide, they may wish to consider removing the health barriers people with disabilities sometimes face when trying to use these programs. With the appropriate adaptations – such as alternative communication formats, accessible transportation, and program staff training – people with disabilities are more able to benefit from the disease prevention and health promotion programs they need to stay active and healthy.

A table indicating types of adaptations for each program is included in the report.

Please visit CDC’s disability and health website to find highlights from this report and additional information about CDC’s efforts to promote disability inclusion.

New Article: “Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption by Disability Status among Adults

The Preventing Chronic Disease Journal published a new article that highlights the sugar sweetened beveragesdaily sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption by disability status among adults.

The study found the following:

  • Three of ten adults with disability consumed a SSB at least once a day.
  • Among non-obese adults, those with disabilities are 27% more likely to drink at least one SSB daily than those without disabilities.

Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), or sugary drinks, are leading sources of added sugars in the American diet. Limiting the amount of SSB intake can help individuals maintain a healthy weight and have a healthy diet.

Frequently drinking sugar-sweetened beverages is associated with the following:

  • weight gain/obesity
  • type 2 diabetes
  • heart disease
  • kidney diseases
  • non-alcoholic liver disease
  • tooth decay and cavities and
  • gout (a type of arthritis)

Public health programs and health care providers can raise awareness of the risks of frequent SSB consumption among adults with disabilities. Targeted intervention strategies may increase awareness that an unhealthy diet, consisting of frequent SSB intake, is associated with adverse health consequences

Please visit CDC’s nutrition website to find additional information about SSB Consumption and the CDC’s disability and health website to learn more about how to include people with disabilities in public health programs.

Please feel free to share this communication broadly within your networks. If you are not currently a subscriber, click the subscribe button below to get partner updates from NCBDDD!subscribe.pngPlease also consider following us on Twitter at @CDC_NCBDDD and @CDCgov and on Facebook at @CDC in addition to sharing this news with your respective networks.

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